On your arrival to Rome it is important to understand as soon as possible how to recycle and dispose waste properly. Waste disposal in Italy differs from region to region, and is delegated to a municipality’s contracting waste disposal company.
In Rome the company in charge of waste collection is AMA. If you are a property owner or renting an apartment in Rome, you are obligated to pay an annual tax to AMA, unless specified otherwise. The fee you are paying depends on the size of your apartment and number of tenants. For example, for a 50m2 apartment and 2 tenants annual fee is € 202, 00; for a 70m2 apartment and 2 tenants the fee is € 271, 00; and 100m2 and 3 tenants the fee is € 382, 00. The payment can be done in different ways: online, in any post office or bank.
The waste can be collected in two ways depending on the area you live in. The first is curbside or door-to-door collection, where the garbage truck picks up the trash from individual bins. The second is central collection, where people have to place their garbage at a central drop off area. This one is more particular for historical center neighborhoods such as Trastevere for example.
All residents are required to sort their rubbish in three categories. The first category is Recyclable Waste (Raccolta differenziati), which is used for the manufacturing of new products. The second one is Non-Recyclable Waste (rifiuti indifferenziati). The last type is Organic Waste (Rifiuti Organici). When disposing the waste it is important to have separate bins for each type of waste. It is crucial that all the garbage is properly divided before being placed in common bins. AMA may not pick up the garbage from a particular bin if the trash is not well secured, and even more importantly, can fine the apartment building for incorrect disposal of waste. Fines go from € 50 to € 500.
For more information in English on how to divide and dispose waste in Rome visit AMA’s website